About the City of Markham
Markham Township was surveyed in 1793-94 in preparation for settlement. It was named for William Markham, Archbishop of York in England. Markham was first settled by German immigrants under the leadership of William Berczy, United Empire Loyalists and other Americans, and later by Pennsylvania German Mennonites and British immigrants.
Markham Township was incorporated in 1850. Within the township, villages and hamlets grew up around mill sites. Among them were Thornhill, Unionville, Markham Village and Buttonville. Today, these historical communities are heritage conservation districts containing an impressive collection of early buildings.
Markham became a town in 1971 when the Region of York was created and, in 2012, achieved city status.
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