Cornwall was founded in 1784 by United Empire Loyalists, making it one of Ontario's oldest permanent settlements.
Owing to its strategic location on the St. Lawrence River, Cornwall served as a garrison town, as well as a communications and supply post during the War of 1812. Under the influence of schoolmaster John Strachan – who would become the first Anglican Bishop of Upper Canada – Cornwall was transformed into a unique centre of learning and political influence.
Another famous early resident was John Sandfield Macdonald, the first Premier of Ontario.
Cornwall's history will be front and centre this summer during the Canada 150 celebrations.